Arkansas Civil War Heritage Trail Brochure

http://www.arkansaspreservation.org/history/publications.asp

Northwest Arkansas:

NW1. Battle of Maysville Marker, northwest corner of Highway 43 and 72, Maysville.

NW2. Pott’s Hill Marker, North Old Wire Road at Missouri State Line north of Pea Ridge National Military Marker.

NW3. Pea Ridge National Military Park, located on Highway 62, east of Pea Ridge, scene of March 7-8, 1862 Battle.

NW4. Camp  Stephens Marker, Sugar Creek Road at Highway 72 west of Pea Ridge National Military Park.

NW5. Dunagin’s Farm Marker. Wire road north of Avoca.

NW6. Eagle Hotel Marker, one block west of courthouse square in Bentonville.

NW7. Bentonville Confederate Monument, Bentonville Courthouse Square.

NW8. McKissick Springs Marker, Centerton City Hall, Ceneterton Boulevard, Centerton.

NW9. Elm Springs Marker, Northwest corner of Elm Springs Road and South Elm Street, Elm Springs.

NW10. Cross Hollows Marker, corner of Cross Hollow Road and Old Wire Road, west of Elm Springs.

NW11. Grand Army of the Republic Monument, Twin Springs Park, Siloam Springs.

NW12. The Headquarters House at 118 East Dickson Street in Fayetteville, Federal Col. M. LaRue Harrison’s headquarters during the April 18, 1863, battle of Fayetteville.

NW13. The Fayetteville Confederate Cemetery on Rock Street atop East Mountain in Fayetteville, contains the remains of Confederate casualties at Pea Ridge and Prairie Grove.

NW14.  Fayetteville National Cemetery at 700 Government Avenue in Fayetteville contains remains removed from the battlefields at Pea Ridge, Prairie Grove, Cane Hill, and other places in the area.

NW15. Prairie Grove Battlefield State Park on Highway 62 at Prairie Grove, scene of December 7, 1862, battle of Prairie Grove.

NW16. The Cane Hill Battlefield, encompasses a roughly 12-mile track beginning in the town of Cane Hill and traversing the mountainous area south to the Cove Creek area, scene of a November 28, 1862 battle.  There is some interpretation through historic markers in the town of Cane Hill.

NW17. The Cane Hill Cemetery south of County Road 13, contains the graves of some of Cane Hill’s Civil War fatalities.

NW18. The Boone County Heritage Museum at Central and Cherry in Harrison contains Civil War Information.

NW19. Parker-Hickman Farm Historic District near Erbie within the Buffalo National River, scene of several Civil War skirmishes.

NW20.  The Buffalo National River is crossed by several important historic roads and was the scene of several skirmishes during the Civil War, as well as some of the random guerilla acts that plagued the area, especially during 1864.  Information on the Civil War sites is available at the Tyler Bend Visitor Center.

West Central Arkansas

WC1. Fort Smith National Historic Site in Fort Smith seized by Rebel troops on April 23, 1861 and recaptured by Federal forces on September 2, 1863.

WC2. Fort Smith National Cemetery at 522 Garland Avenue in Fort Smith is the burial place of both Union and Confederate soldiers, including three generals and 1,500 unknown soldiers.

WC3. Fort Smith Confederate Monument, 6th Street and Rogers Avenue, Fort Smith.

WC4. Massard Prairie Battlefield, located .1 mile west of the corner of Red Pine Road and Morgan’s Way at Fort Smith, contains the site of the 6th Kansas Cavalry Regiment’s camp attacked by Stand Watie’s Confederates on July 27, 1864.

WC5. Fairview Cemetery, (Confederate Section), near the junction of McKibben and 10th Streets in Van Buren, contains the remains of Confederate War dead.

WC6. Van Buren Confederate Monument, Crawford County Courthouse, 3rd and Main St. Van Buren.

WC7. Clarksville Confederate Monument, Oakland Memorial Cemetery, west of Montgomery Avenue in Clarksville.

WC8. Confederate Mother’s Memorial Park, Hwy 326 and South Glenwood Ave. in Russellville.

WC9. Dardanelle Confederate Monument, Yell County Courthouse, Union and Front Streets, Dardanelle.

Central Arkansas

CA1. Grand Army of the Republic, Evergreen Cemetery, south of junction of Hwys. 367 and 371 in Judsonia.

CA2. Searcy Confederate Monument, White County Courthouse, W. Arch Ave. and Spring St., Searcy.

CA3. West Point interpretive panel,, West Point Cemetery, Hwy. 36 north of West Point.

CA4. Camp Nelson Confederate Cemetery, located off Hwy 321 near Cabot, contains the remains of Confederate soldiers who died from a measles epidemic in 1862.

CA5. Battle of Brownsville interpretive panel, Brownsville Cemetery on Highway 31, north of Lonoke.

CA6. Lonoke Confederate Monument, Lonoke County Courthouse, Third and Center Streets, Lonoke.

CA7. Reed’s Bridge Battlefield, located on Hwy 161 at Jacksonville is the site of an August 27, 1863 Little Rock campaign battle.

CA8. Ashley’s Mills interpretive panel, intersection of Walker’s Corner Road and Alex under road, Scott.

CA9. River Crossing interpretive panel, off Highway 165 on Colonel Maynard Road at Baucum Corner near Scott.

CA10.  Marmaduke-Walker Duel Site interpretive panel, Highway 165 just south of its intersection with Highway 70, North Little Rock.

CA11. The Old State House at 300 West Markham in Little Rock was the seat of both the Confederate and Union govern-ments in Arkansas during the Civil War, as well as the site of the 1861 secession convention.

CA12. The Old U.S. Arsenal (now the MacArthur Museum of Arkansas Military History) in  MacArthur Park at Ninth and Commerce Sts. in Little Rock was surrendered to Arkansas Gov. Henry M. Rector on February 8, 1861, then used by both Union and Confederate forces.

CA13.  Mount Holly Cemetery at 12th street and Broadway in Little Rock is the final resting place of executed Confederate spy David O. Dodd, as well as five Confederate Generals.

CA14. The Pike-Fletcher-Terry House (Decorative Arts Museum) at 411 East 7th street in Little Rock, was the home of Albert Pike, who led a brigade of Cherokee troops at the Battle of Pea Ridge.

CA15. Little Rock National Cemetery at 2523 Confederate Boulevard in Little Rock was initially used as a campground by U.S. troops.  When the Union troops left, Confederate buried their dead on the west side.  Of particular note is the sculpture erected by the people of Minnesota to honor their troops who are buried at the cemetery.

CA16. Bayou Fourche Battle interpretive panel, Pratt Remmel Park next to I-440 at Lindsey Road exit, Little Rock.

CA17. Battle of Little Rock monument and interpretive panel, intersection of East Roosevelt and Fourche Dam Pike, Little Rock.

CA18. Gen. Sterling Price Headquarters marker, East 9th St. between the intersection of Shall st. and the railroad right-of-way, Little Rock.

CA19. David O. Dodd Execution marker, located near the parking lot of the University of Arkansas at Little Rock Law School, 1201 Sid McMath St., part of MacArthur Park, Little Rock.

CA20. Little Rock Campaign interpretive panels, Riverfront Park near the intersection of Markham and LaHarpe, Little Rock.

CA21. Confederate Soldiers Monument and Monument to Confederate Women, State Capitol, Little Rock.

CA22. Final fighting of Little Rock Campaign stone marker, Hwy. 5 east of I-430, Little Rock.

CA23. Conway Confederate Monument, Faulkner County Courthouse, Robinson Ave. and Center Sts., Conway.

CA24. Hurricane Creek Skirmish marker, Hwy. 183 one mile south of I-30 next to cemetery, Bryant vicinity.

CA25. Shoppach House marker, 508 N. Main St., Benton.

Southeast Arkansas

SE1. The July 4, 1863, Battle of Helena battlefield is represented by the four Union battery sites, all but one are on private property.  Battery C Park near Clark and York Sts. provides interpretation of the battle and was the scene of some of the heaviest fighting.  Battery A is located near Adams and Columbia Sts.; Battery B is near Liberty St. and Summit Road; and Battery D is on Military Road.  The Battle of Helena also is interpreted through historical markers throughout Helena.

SE2. The Confederate Cemetery in Helena’s Maple Hill cemetery contains the graves of many of the Southern casualties of the July 4, 1863 Battle of Helena, as well as the final resting place of General Patrick Cleburne.  Helena generals Thomas C. Hindman and Tappan are buried in Maple Hill Cemetery.

SE3. The Delta Cultural Center at 955 Missouri Street in Helena contains displays about the Battle of Helena and the seven Confederate Generals from Phillips County.

SE4. The Helena Library and Museum at 623 Pecan Street in Helena contains Civil War displays and artifacts.

SE5. Crockett’s Bluff marker, Hwy 153 at Crocketts Bluff, Arkansas County.

SE6. The St. Charles Battlefield off Hwy. 1 at St. Charles, rebel batteries fired “the most destructive shot of the Civil War” into the boiler of the U.S. gunboat Mound City.  There is an interpretive marker near the White River, a monument on Main Street and a city museum with exhibits on the battle.

SE7. Arkansas Post National Memorial, eight miles southeast of Gillett in Arkansas County, contains January 11, 1863, Arkansas Post battlefield.

SE8. Pine Bluff/Jefferson County Historical Museum at 201 East 4th Street in Pine Bluff contains Civil War exhibits.

SE9. Battle of Pine Bluff marker, Jefferson County Courthouse, Pine Bluff.

SE10. Pine Bluff Confederate Monument, Jefferson County Courthouse, Pine Bluff.

SE11. Confederate Monument, Bellwood Cemetery, off Pullen St., Pine Bluff.

SE12. 1st Indiana Cavalry and 5th Kansas Cavalry Monuments, Texas Street and Convention Center Drive in Pine Bluff.

SE13. Camp White Sulphur Springs Confederate Cemetery on Hwy. 54 at Sulphur Springs was used as a campground by a number of Arkansas, Texas, and Louisiana units between 1861 and 1863.

SE14. Star City Confederate Memorial, Town Square, Star City.

SE15.  Mount Elba Battlefield at the end of Mount Elba Road, off Hwy. 35S near Rison, features wayside exhibits recounting the March 30, 1864, battle of Mount Elba.

SE16. The Marks’ Mills Battlefield State Park at the junction of Hwys 8 and 97, was the site of an April 25, 1864 Battle.

SE17.  Marks’ Mills Cemetery Park located about one fourth mile north of the intersection of Hwys 8 and 97 near New Edinburg, features wayside exhibits explaining, the battle of Marks’ Mills.

SE18.  Monticello Confederate Monument, Oakland Cemetery, Oakland Ave, and Hyatt Street, Monticello.

SE19.  Lake Chicot State Park at 2542 Hwy 257 at Lake Village contains Civil War exhibits and a driving tour brochure of local Civil War sites.

SE20. Lake Village Confederate Monument, Lakeshore Drive, Lake Village.

SE21.  The Ditch Bayou Battlefield on Hwy. 82 near Lake Village, site of a June 6, 1864 battle.

SE22.  John Sanders House marker, Hwy. 82 east of junction with Highway 65, Lake Village.

North East Arkansas

NE1. The Chalk Bluff Battlefield, two miles north of St. Francis on the St. Francis River was the scene of several skirmishes during the Civil War and the May 11, 1865 surrender of many of General M. Jeff Thompson’s troops.

NE2. Scatterville Cemetery marker, County Road 404 near Rector.

NE3. Pittman’s Ferry marker, Hwy. 166, 1.5 miles east of Supply at crossroads.

NE4.  7th Arkansas Infantry Muster Site marker, 200 yards west of intersection of Hwys. 117 and 115, Smithville.

NE5. St. James or Buckhorn marker, Highway 15, St. James

NE6. The Old Independence Regional Museum at Ninth and Vine Streets in Batesville contains Civil War displays.

NE7. Batesville Confederate Monument, Independence County Courthouse, Batesville.

NE8. Camp Shelby marker, southwest corner of intersection of Hwys. 25 and 167, Batesville.

NE9. Jacksonport State Park, located between Dillard St. and the White River at Jacksonport was the site of several fights during the Civil War and on June 5, 1865, the surrender of the Confederate Army of Northern Arkansas.

NE10. The Arkansas State University Museum on the ASU Campus in Jonesboro contains Civil War displays.

NE11. Battle of Jonesboro marker, Craighead County Courthouse, Main St. at Washington Ave., Jonesboro.

NE12. Lepanto U.S.A. Museum at 310 Greenwood St. in Lepanto contains Civil War displays.

NE13. Sultana Sinking and Military Road markers, Hwys. 77 at Marion City Hall, Marion.

NE14. Military Road marker, southwest corner of intersection of Hwys. 1 and 306, Colt.

NE15. Battle of Cotton Plant marker, Hwy. 37 at U.S. Post Office, Cotton Plant.

NE16. Sinking of U.S.S. Queen city interpretive panel, City Park on Madison St., Clarendon.

NE17. Robert E. Lee Monument, City Park, Chestnut and Main Sts., Marianna.

Southwest Arkansas

SW1. Hollywood Cemetery, Confederate Section, located west of Malvern Ave. near Hollywood Ave. and Mote Road in Hot Springs, contains burials of Confederate veterans.

SW2.  Hot Springs Confederate Monument, Ouachita and Central Avenue, Hot Springs.

SW3. Grant County Museum at 521 Shackleford Rd. off Hwy. 46 south of Sheridan features a “Red River Room” with artifacts and information on the Camden Expedition and the battle of Jenkins’ Ferry.

SW4.  Jenkins’ Ferry State Park, located along Hwy 46 near Leola, was the site of an April 30, 1864 battle.

SW5.  Arkadelphia Confederate Monument, Clark County Courthouse, Arkadelphia.

SW6. The Prairie De Ann Battlefield northwest of I-30 at Prescott was the scene of heavy skirmishes April 9-12, 1864 and is interpreted at the Depot Museum in Prescott.

SW7. The Confederate State Capitol at Old Washington Historic State Park is the building to which Confederate Gov. Harris Flanagin moved his state government when Union Forces captured Little Rock in September 1863.

SW8. The Grandison D. Royston House on Alexander St. in Washington was the home of a Confederate Congressman.

SW9. Washington Confederate Monument, Presbyterian Cemetery, Hwy 4 northwest of Hwy 32, Washington.

SW10. White Oak Lake State Park on Hwy 387 at Bluff City contains exhibits related to the battle of Poinson Spring.

SW11. Poison Spring State Park on Hwy. 76 near Chidester was the site of an April 18, 1864, battle in which the first Kansas Colored Infantry Regiment suffered disproportionately high casualties.

SW12. Fort Southerland at Fort Southerland Park on Bradley Ferry Road in Camden was held by Federal Soldiers during their occupation of the city in 1864.

SW13.  The McCollum-Chidester House at 926 Washington Street in Camden, built in 1847 was home to Union Gen. Frederick Steele during part of the Federal occupation of Camden in 1864.

SW14.  Confederate Section, Oakland Cemetery, north of Pearl Street between Adams and Young Streets in Camden, is the burial place of more than 200 Rebel soldiers.

SW15. Camden Confederate Monument, Ouachita County Courthouse, 145 Jefferson Avenue, Camden.

SW16. Magnolia Cemetery at 700 S. Washington in Magnolia is the burial place of Maj. Gen. John Porter McCown and other Confederate Soldiers.

SW17. El Dorado Confederate Monument, N. Main St. and S. Washington, El Dorado.

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