September 4, 1863

September 4, 2013

One hundred fifty years ago, on September 4, 1863, the Confederate defenders of Little Rock were seeking additional men in the ranks:

[CIRCULAR.] HEADQUARTERS DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS,
Little Rock, September 4, 1863.
To the people of Pulaski County:
The country demands the services of every citizen capable of bearing arms or ministering to the wants of the wounded. The enemy threatens Little Rock with an imposing force. Your brave defenders confront him with a fixed determination to turn him back in confusion, and are confident of victory. Upon the result of the impending battles rest in great measure the fate of Arkansas, the inviolability of your homes, and the honor of your families.
You have not yet known the utter misery of being overridden by a merciless and vindictive foe, and either driven with your wives and daughters into a homeless exile or forced to crouch in servile and degrading submission at the feet of the conqueror, in order to purchase a fleeting exemption from poverty and imprisonment by a base surrender of your manhood and your honor. You have never yet been compelled to sue for protection against evils like these, and worse than these, to men who command armies composed largely of your own slaves.
If you would avoid such misery and degradation, you must loiter no longer in ease and safety, but rush to the side of the undaunted men who crowd the intrenchments and eagerly await the coming of the foe. Your country, your wives, your daughters, your mothers, your own honor appeal to you to act at once.
I therefore invite you to volunteer without delay, in any company which you may prefer, or to organize yourselves to-night under the call of your Governor.
If there be any among you too cowardly or base to volunteer under these circumstances, he shall be compelled to share your dangers, though he cannot share your glory.
The commandant of this post will be directed to arrest every able-bodied man to-morrow who may be absent from his post, whether he be officer, man, or citizen, and whether he belong to commands elsewhere or not, and to place him wherever his services may be most required.
The commanding officers of the troops in front have been ordered to arrest, and to shoot down, if necessary, every one who may be found attempting to pass toward the enemy under any pretext whatever, either with or without a pass.
STERLING PRICE,
Major-general, Commanding.

Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial Commission

September 3, 1863

September 3, 2013

One hundred fifty years ago, on September 3, 1863, Robert McMahan of the 25th Ohio Battery reflected on the second anniversary of his enlistment:

Just two years ago this morning I left home for Canfield where our Mahoning Company for Wade & Hutchins cavalry (2nd O.V.C) was to meet and organize. War not over yet. Thousands have fallen and thousands more will yet fall before peace with all its blessings and enjoyments will again be ours. But conquer we must and will (Deo Volente) for the great principles of liberty and self government are at stake. For should we fail, the onward march of liberty in the old world will be retarded at least a century and monarchs, kings, and arisocrats will be more powerful against their subjects than ever. But God and right, and might are with us and we cannot but conquer in the end.
We draw our water from the bayou.

Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial Commission

Announcement~
The Grand Prairie Civil War Round Table will be meeting at the Lonoke
County Museum in downtown Lonoke, Arkansas, 215 South East Front Street, at
7:00 p.m. on Tuesday, September  10, 2013.
Our speaker will be Martin Gipson, Past President of Scott Connections. His talk will
be on the Skirmish at Ashley Mills on Sept 7, 1863. This was part of the Campaign
for Little Rock. Gipson will also discuss the coming event that will be held in Scott,
Arkansas on Saturday, September 14.
Everyone is invited and as always, guests are welcome.
There is no admission charge.
Y’all come. Please feel free to share.

August 28, 1863

August 28, 2013

One hundred fifty years ago, on August 28, 1863, Capt. Eathan Allen Pinnell of the 8th Missouri Infantry (C.S.) wrote in his diary:

Left the hospital and went to the convalescent camp at Camp Price where I found the baggage trains of our entire army, which looks considerably like a retreat was in contemplation, though I suppose, Gen’l Price has ordered them here to have them out of the way and be ready for any emergency.

Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial Commission

Confederate Last Stand

August 27, 2013
Confederate Last Stand Observance
Saturday, September 14, 2013, 2:00 P.M.
Historic 10 Mile House
6915 Stagecoach Road, Little Rock, AR  72204
Commemorating the 150th Anniversary of the failed attempt by Confederate troops against overwhelming odds to defend Little Rock from the Union Army on September 11, 1863.  The event took place near the 10 Mile House along McHenry’s Creek.
Costumed reenactors, historical presentation and a gun salute.  The 8th AR Infantry, Barrett’s Battery will mark the event with the firing of 3 cannons.
The Historic 10 Mile House, circa 1836 was constructed in the Federal style by noted architect, Gideon Shryock, who also designed the Old State House.  The 10 Mile House is perhaps, the most historically significant home in Arkansas History.  The brick smokehouse on the property was used to imprison 17 year old David O. Dodd prior to his transfer to Little Rock to stand trial in a Federal Military Court, as a Confederate spy.
The public is invited to this FREE event. 
For additional information:
Kay Tatum (501) 529-3802
Confederate Last Stand pdf

Please see the flyer below.  We are two weeks away from the preview reception for the two Civil War battle flags on loan from the Iowa State Historical Society in Des Moines.  This will be the first time either of these flags has been exhibited in Arkansas.  Plan to join us for the special preview on Tuesday, September 10, from 5:00 – 7:00 and feel free to forward this information to any groups you feel will enjoy the event.

Stephan McAteer, Director
MacArthur Museum of Arkansas Military History
503 E. 9th St.
Little Rock, AR 72202
501-376-4602
501-376-4597 FAX
www.arkmilitaryheritage.com

image001


Our 49th Year

FOR THE MEETING TUESDAY, AUGUST 27, 2013

Meets Fourth Tuesday; January-November
Founded March 1964

Second Presbyterian Church

600 Pleasant Valley Drive

Little Rock 
Program at 7 p.m. 
Online:  www.civilwarbuff.org
Jan Sarna, President 

Rick Meadows, Editor 

Roundtable

RMeadows@aaamissouri.com / arcivilwarbuff@gmail.com 
Dues $20 Per Year
VISITORS WELCOME!
WHILE YOU CAN

 VISIT THE BATTLEFIELDS WHEN YOU CAN…

 

 “Period Music”

With

Conway Women’s Chorus

chorus

Join us Tuesday when we will be joined with lovely ladies from Conway who will bring us story and song of the Civil War and how “the war” affected the people at home.

The Chorus was formed in 2005 with only a handful of music devotees by Director Joan Hanna, a teacher at University of Arkansas Community College at Morrilton. She also directs the Faulkner Academy of Arts and has been with that group since its inception in April 15, 2005. She helped start the Conway Dinner Theater and is Musical Director for their two yearly productions. She also gives private piano lessons. Bryan Cole, accompanist, is also a piano instructor at Faulkner Academy of Arts and a Music Specialist at Julia Lee Moore Elementary School in Conway.

This non-profit Chorus rehearses every Tuesday evening for about an hour and presents an annual Spring show and a Christmas show plus benefit performances for the community.

 

News from the Past 

From the Civil War News, May 1992

From the column, Heritage Happenings, by Jerry Russell, we read: 

“HERITAGE EARLY WARNING: The next big push from HERITAGEPAC is in support of Interior Secretary Manuel Lujan’s announced intention to seek $10 million for the American Battlefield Protection Program in the 1993 Federal budget, $7.9 million more than the current funding level. The entire $7.9 million increase would be devoted to the acquisition of land and easements at the 25 battlefields Lujan has named as the most threatened.

Plans have progressed for the formation of a preservation coalition which will join together to address issues and speak out on preservation subjects. An organizational meeting was held April 4 in Leesburg, Va., with several members of the core group in the preservation movement in attendance. (Included as a director was Jerry Russell, Civil War Round Table Associates).

Gov. William Schaefer has appointed a Maryland Civil War Heritage Commission to identity Civil War sites in Maryland and come up with strategies to help preserve and enhance the state’s Civil War heritage.  HERITAGEPAC is the only political action committee registered with the Federal Election Commission whose purpose is the preservation of Civil War and Indian Wars battle sites. I founded it in 1989 and am its director.”

There are lessons we can be learned today. How has Arkansas progressed in preserving our Civil War battle sites?  Thank you Jerry for your leadership. Jerry Russell was a founding member of our Roundtable, and we give thanks to his preservation efforts. This year marks the 10th anniversary of his death.

Trust

Brandy Station, Va.) – The Civil War Trust, America’s largest nonprofit battlefield preservation group, today announced that it has successfully completed a $3.6 million national fundraising campaign to preserve 56 acres of historic Fleetwood Hill on the Brandy Station Battlefield in Culpeper County, Va., site of the largest cavalry battle ever fought on the North American continent.

In celebrating the success of this project, one of five most ambitious in the organization’s history, Civil War Trust president James Lighthizer issued the following statement:

“This is a day that those of us in the preservation community have long dreamt of, the day we can finally say that Fleetwood Hill is protected forever. Prior to this, the Trust and its partners had protected some 1,800 acres at Brandy Station, but without those crowning heights set aside for future generations, no visitor could gain a full and definitive understanding of this critical action. Now that we have raised the full purchase price and closed on this property, the heart and soul of the Brandy Station Battlefield, we have turned a preservation success story into a triumph.

“This achievement simply would not have been possible without the cooperation of the entire battlefield preservation community — particularly the Central Virginia Battlefields Trust, the Journey Through Hallowed Ground and the Brandy Station Foundation, whose assistance, both advisory and financial, has been indispensable. Moreover, the enthusiastic support of the National Park Service’s American Battlefield Protection Program and the Commonwealth of Virginia’s Civil War Sites Preservation Fund has meant the difference between dream and reality. Without the vital matching grants supplied by these two programs, an undertaking of this scale would have been all but insurmountable. The Battle of Brandy Station is considered by historians as the beginning of the momentous Gettysburg Campaign.  Union cavalry, long considered inferior to their Confederate counter parts, launched a bold crossing of the Rappahannock River in the early hours of June 9, 1863.  They initially surprised the Southern horsemen, with charge and countercharge raging across the landscape for much of the day before the Federals retired back across the river.  All told, more than 20,000 cavalrymen fought at Brandy Station.  The epicenter of the fighting was Fleetwood Hill, which overlooked much of the battlefield and served as headquarters for Confederate chieftain, General James Ewell Brown “J.E.B.” Stuart. Historian and preservation advocate Clark “Bud” Hall calls Fleetwood Hill “without question the most fought over, camped upon and marched over real estate in the entire United States. Cumulatively, the Civil War Trust has protected more than 1,850 acres at Brandy Station and maintains a public interpretive trail across the battlefield.  The Civil War Trust is the largest nonprofit battlefield preservation organization in the United States.  To date, it has preserved more than 36,000 acres of battlefield land in 20 states.

 

Scott

 

150

www.arkansascivilwar150.com

 

Aug 28 @ 7pm at the Witt Stephens Jr. Nature Center, Little Rock

Brandon

The Toltec Chapter of the Arkansas Archeological Society presents: Dr.Jamie Brandon
“Civil War Archeology in Arkansas: What Careful Excavations Can tell Us About the Conflict”. It will be held at the Witt Stephens Jr. Nature Center, 602 President Clinton Ave in Little Rock. The event is free and open to the public.

More about the speaker:
Dr. Jamie C. Brandon is the Research Station Archeologist with the Arkansas Archeological Survey stationed at Southern Arkansas University in Magnolia, Arkansas.  He is also the Vice-Chairman of the Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial Commission and has served on that body since its creation in 2006.  Dr. Brandon is a specialist in the archeology on the 19th century American South and has worked on many Civil War period sites in Arkansas and twelve other southeastern states.  His talk will outline the plans and goals of the Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial and how the archeology of the Civil War can improve our understanding of this most pivotal event in American history.  He will talk about work at battlefields and military sites such as Wilson’s Creek, Prairie Grove, Pea Ridge, Cross Hollows, Dooley’s Ferry and Helena.  However, Dr. Brandon will also talk about what archeology on civilian sites occupied during the war—such as Van Winkle’s Mill, the Old State House and HistoricWashingtonState Park–can tell us about the conflict in Arkansas. 

 

The Plantation Agriculture Museum presents: 150th Anniversary of the Marmaduke-Walter Duel, August 31, 2013

CONTACT: Plantation Agriculture Museum
4815 Hwy 161 South, Scott, AR 72142
Ph: 501-961-1409  Linda.Goza@arkansas.gov

FREE and open to the public    The show times are 10 a.m.,  12 p.m., and 2 p.m.

 

This event will guide visitors and spectators through the biographics of the 2 generals, the circumstances leading up to their first encounter with one another and the situations causing their decision to duel to the death; as well as the duel itself and its aftermath.

The Marmaduke-Walker Duel was fought during the Civil War between Confederate brigadier generals John Sappington Marmaduke and Lucius Marshall (Marsh) Walker. Marmaduke was originally from Missouri and was the son of a former governor. Walker was originally from Kentucky and nephew of President James K. Polk. Both graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point. They made their way to Arkansas during the war; Marmaduke was stationed there, while Walker was granted a transfer to Arkansas due to trouble with superiors.

 

September 6, 2013 – September 8, 2013

150th Anniversary of the Battle of Reed’s Bridge

Friday September 6, 2013, will be the Education Day for children and seniors. Briefings for schools will begin at 11:00 with different stations of learning. There will be living history performances and re-enactors on site providing various programs. The students will be rotated through the sites so then can get an overall picture of life during the 1850′s and 1860′s. On Saturday, September 7th, there will be various vendors, displays, horses, farm animals and living history programs on site, as well as a soldier’s camp which models actual Civil War camps.

At 2pm on Saturday and Sunday, there will be a re-enactment of the charge of the First Iowa across Reed’s Bridge. Confederates under the leadership of General Marmaduke repulsed the attack. This year the re-enactment will feature an extensive artillery barrage. This engagement was part of the Campaign of Little Rock which fell to the Federals on September 10, 1863.
On Sunday, September 8th at 10:00 we will start off the day with an old traditional Church service. For additional information call 501-985-3670 or visit
http://www.reedsbridgebattlefield.com/preservationmembership.htm 

 

Church, War, and Ebenezer

Peake

At the Butler Center
This collection documenting the Civil War experience of Rev. Ebenezer S. Peake contains 74 personal letters, 2 small pocket diaries, and 16 photographs. It features several other assorted documents, including a number of special orders issued from Union army HQ in Little Rock. Peake was chaplain of the 28th Wisconsin Infantry.

Civil War Roundtable Speakers 2013

 

  • January – William Shea – History Professor at the University of Arkansas at Monticello – Samuel Curtis: The Man Who Conquered Arkansas
  • February – StuartTowns – Retired professor and author from ForrestCity – Enduring Legacy: Rhetoric and Ritual of the Lost Cause
  • March – Lorien Foote – History Professor at the University of Central Arkansas – Trails of Blood: Escaping the Confederacy
  • April – Dr. Paul Haynie – History Professor at HardingUniversity – 7 Most Important Shots fired in the Civil War.
  • May – Brian Brown – Local historian – The Saps at the Battle of Vicksburg
  • June – Mark Christ – Community Outreach Director, Arkansas Historic Preservation Program –        Skirmish at Paroquet Bluff
  • July – Joseph Herron – Parker Ranger – The Battle of Arkansas Post
  • August – Conway Women’s Choir – Period Music
  • September – Aaron Barnhart- Author from Kansas City – The Big Divide: A Travel Guide to Historic and Civil War Sites in the Missouri-Kansas Border Region
  • October – Josh Williams , Curator at OldWashingtonState Park – Old Washington in the War
  • November – Rev. David Dyer, Pastor – Robert Lewis Dabney, Chief of Staff for Stonewall Jackson

 

Thank you to Mark Christ who brought our program last month on the Battle of Paroquet Bluff in Northeast Arkansas. We hope to see you Tuesday with the Conway Women’s Chorus.  

 

Address change for the RT

 

Please make note of our new mailing address. For membership billing, please contact our treasurer, Brian Brown:

 

Civil War Roundtable of Arkansas, Inc

Laser Law Firm c/o Brian Brown

101 South Spring Street, Suite 300

Little Rock, AR72201

 

August 21, 1863

August 21, 2013

One hundred fifty years ago, on August 21, 1863, Capt. Thomas Stevens of the 28th Wisconsin Infantry shared sad news with the folks at home:

Aug. 21. 5 A.M. Good morning, dearest. We have our baggage all aboard the wagons ready for moving, except our blankets, so that we shall cross the river today, probably. I went down town again last night to see the boys. I found Serg’t Plympton much worse. The Chill fever & diarrhea is reducing him very fast. He is so weak that he can hardly get about. I’m really afraid he is not going to get well. I would give anything if I could get him home. He is too good a soldier – too good a man to be left to die here. He does not wish his wife to know how bad he is, & did not wish me to write to her but I think I shall, for she would rather know just how he is than have him die here & she be ignorant of his illness. It seems to me I never saw a man run down so fast as he did yesterday. He is always very quiet & unobtrusive, doing everything & anything for all of us; giving every attention to the sick which he possibly could—if we lost him we shall miss him very much—no one knows how much.
It is thought Col. Lewis will go home again. Some of us think he had better resign, though it does not seem likely that he will. He isn’t the man to do that when getting good pay. He says he feels no regret at leaving his regiment, as he leaves it in command of an excellent officer (Maj. White!) I say “good officer!” He can’t handle a regiment at all. Every one to his taste. White has no command over the regiment scarcely. But very few respect him.
I’m sorry I do not hear from you before leaving. Well, the letters will be good & welcome when they do come. Haven’t I “done well for a boy” since we have been here. Have written every day I think—though I’m sure the letters can’t amount to much; but them my “handwrite” may do good, even if I write but little sense & much nonsense. I know you will be glad to get them, though I expect you’ll get 3 or 4 at a time. It may be several days,–perhaps weeks before I can write you again—so don’t worry if you don’t hear from me right away, for I am perfectly well & able to do my regular duty.
21st 10 P.M. I have been up again to see the sick men. Serg’t Plympton appears a little better this morning. He did not wish me to write to his wife, but I thought I ought to do so. You can read it, & if you think she should have it please forward it to her. He said he would try & write today. I don’t think we will cross the river before night.
I have heard that Col. Lewis can only get leave of absence to go to Memphis, but if he gets that far he will go home I think. Our reg’t leaves 106 here sick, I believe—a very large number. A great part of them will probably be able to join us in a week or two. Some ought to go north & I hope they will….
3 ½ P.M. The drum has beat for us to fall in, so we are off. Presume we will have to wait on the bank of the river 3 or 4 hours. Ludingdon, L.C. Evenson & Briggs, will, I think, have to be left here—making 12 of C. Co.
Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial Commission ·

August 20, 1863

August 20, 2013

One hundred fifty years ago, on August 20, 1863, Robert McMahan of the 25th Ohio Artillery wrote in his diary:

This morning Serg’t Knowlton went back to Clarendon and back to our old camp where we had left a guard over our forage. Went after our colored man (cook), but found him on board one of the captured steamers about to be sworn into Uncle Sam’s service. He was crossing last night on one of our furnish hands for manning the new boats. So we lose one cook. In fact all the available darkies were put on board the boats for service yesterday. We heard that a slight skirmish was had with some of the enemy a short distance out on the prairie and that some of Kirby Smith’s men were captured. Say he is in command at Bayou Metro[sic] near the Arkansas River.
Our well is 25 feet deep and has excellent water—vein in quick sand, quite bright with gold specks of flakes lighter than sand and composed of their lumina easily separated and not very brittle, but quite flexible—fools gold. Sand highly colored with red oxide.

Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial Commission

August 16, 1863

August 16, 2013

Marmora

U. S. S. LEXINGTON,
Clarendon, August 16, 1863.
SIR: I have the honor to report my arrival at this point yesterday, after an entirely successful expedition of three days with this boat, the Cricket, and Marmora. At Des Arc, our first stopping place, we burned a large warehouse filled with Confederate corn meal, etc., destroyed the telegraph for nearly half a mile, and obtained some information that we wanted from the citizens, three of whom I seized and brought down to General Davidson.
The second morning, having arrived off the mouth of Little Red River, a narrow and tortuous tributary of the White, I sent the Cricket up after the steamers Tom Sugg and Kaskaskia (which I had reason to believe were hid up there), while the Marmora and this vessel proceeded on to Augusta, 30 miles farther and 75 miles from Jacksonport. Here my information as to the rebel army was confirmed, and one object of the expedition accomplished. The grand Southern army were concentrating at Brownsville, intending to make their line of defense on Bayou Meto. Price was there and Kirby Smith in Little Rock. Marmaduke had recrossed the White some days before, and was then crossing Little Red. Having received this information, I pushed down stream again, and leaving the Marmora off the mouth, went up the Little Red with the Lexington. When about 25 miles up and nearly as high as we could go, we met the Cricket with her two prizes, which she had captured at Searcy, 15 miles farther on. She also destroyed there Marmaduke’s pontoon bridge, leaving a portion of his brigade on the other side of the stream. When a few miles above us the Cricket had been fired into by a portion of Marmaduke’s men, when several soldiers (of whom we carried up about 150) and Mr. Morehead, of the Cricket, were wounded. After meeting her about dusk we were all again attacked by sharpshooters without any damage, however. Captain Langthorne I can not thank too much for his zeal, efficiency, and judgment, not only on this occasion, but ever since under my command. With the prizes were captured the enclosed list of prisoners, 14 bales of cotton, 3 horses, and a few arms. The Tom Sugg is a fine little side-wheel boat, and I think would make an excellent light-draft gunboat for these rivers. The Kaskaskia, also side-wheel, though a somewhat older boat, has still a good hull. For the present, having officered and manned them and put a howitzer on each, I shall retain them to cooperate with the army, who are much in need of transports. All along the banks of the rivers, White and Little Red, as far as we went, 250 miles on the one and 40 on the other, we found the isolated farmers glad to see us, and many Union demonstrations were made. I am satisfied the people here would be glad to see us in possession. The capture of the two boats, the only means of transportation the rebels had on this river, is a severe blow to them, and at this time the boats can be made of great service to us. Going up the river we were not at all molested, but coming down we were fired on with small arms from almost every available spot, though by no very large number of men.
The river is still high, though falling at the rate of 24 inches in 48 hours. I shall send the Lexington down to-morrow. The Marmora, Cricket, and Romeo are all leaking severely, and otherwise out of repair.
The advance division of General Steele’s command arrived yesterday. I have no doubt our army will be able to drive the enemy from their line of defense on Bayou Meto into Texas.
Enclosed I hand the report of Captain Langthorne, of the Cricket. I have the honor to be,
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
GEO. M. BACHE,
Lieutenant, Commanding White River Expedition.
Rear-Admiral DAVID D. PORTER,
Commanding Mississippi Squadron.
[Subenclosures.]
U. S. S. CRICKET, August 15, 1863.
SIR: In obedience to your order, I proceeded up Little Red River at 9 o’clock a.m. About 10 miles up I hailed some men on the bank, enquired of them if the steamers Tom Sugg and Kaskaskia were up the river. They said one of them had passed a short time before. I continued on up; saw some rebel pickets at West Point; made further enquiries about the steamboats, which satisfied me they were up the river. We arrived at Searcy Landing at 2 o’clock p.m. and [found] the two steamers, Thos. Sugg and Kaskaskia.
I landed the infantry and put officers on board of the steamers; had them fired up ready to start. The rebels had a fine pontoon bridge built across the river, which I effectually destroyed. We then left for down river at 3 o’clock; took on 14 bales cotton on our way. As we arrived near West Point we were fired upon by the rebel sharpshooters. The engagement lasted about one hour, wounding 9 of our men, I mortally, since died. Mr. Morehead was piloting the Kaskaskia. He stood at the wheel nobly until disabled; he received two shots and fell. Mr. Lightner was pilot of the Sugg. During the engagement he stood at his post without flinching. Mr. Claycomb, pilot of the Cricket, also showed great bravery and coolness. Surgeon Hanson A. Bodman, although sick, attended to the wounded with much credit. Every officer and man deserves great praise for the manner in which they discharged their duties.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
A. R. LANGTHORNE,
Acting Volunteer Lieutenant, U. S. N.,
Commanding Steamer Cricket.
Lieutenant GEO. M. BACHE,
Commanding White River Squadron.
—–
Report of Lieutenant Bache, U. S. Navy.
U. S. S. TOM SUGG,
Clarendon, August 19, 1863.
SIR: I am about to send the Cricket to Cairo for repairs. She is leaking too badly to wait for an answer from you. I would like very much if you would give Captain Langthorne a side-wheel boat, and send him down to rejoin my command. Short side-wheel boats are the only ones adapted for these small rivers. Stern-wheel boats will tear themselves up.
Captain Langthorne will be able to give you all information in regard to the captured boats, Tom Sugg and Kaskaskia. I send you a description of the former; she is a fine little boat. Both boats, since their capture, have been and still are of importance to the army, whose means of transportation afloat are very limited. They are used for carrying forage, and sometimes men and horses. As soon as the army shall have crossed I will send them to Cairo.
The two coal barges which we brought up have also been of great service; indeed, I do not know how the army could have crossed the river without them. They are being used as ferries.
I send up all the prisoners taken on the two boats except three engineers, whom we are employing.
General Davidson’s division have crossed, and in about three days General Steele expects to get his men across, after which the fate of Little Rock will be speedily determined. Should we be successful, Devall’s Bluff will be made the depot for supplies, in order to take advantage of the railroad. Until then, Clarendon is the point. Vessels will be required on the river all the time to convoy or to protect the army should they be compelled to fall back.
The river has fallen about 10 feet, and all the overflowed land is now dry. I expect the guerrillas will soon commence their annoyances. The Lexington has left the river; she also needs repairs very much. Her water-wheel beams are very shaky. I would like very much if she could be repaired while I am up this river.
Mr. Huston, our Arkansas and White River pilot, at the request of General Steele, I have detached from the squadron and ordered to the army as a guide. He is to return as soon as there is a sign of a rise in the Arkansas River. Mr. Huston is of no use to us on this river.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
GEO. M. BACHE,
Lieutenant, Commanding White River Division.

Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial Commission